Interviewing political actors struggling to improve working rights and to oppose corruption from below
PiCME investigates on how political participation unfold and develop in complex media environments by focusing on two contentious issues: on the one hand, workers’ rights and precarious workers; on the other hand, corruption, (lack of) accountability and transparency. If the former can be considered a position issue on which political actors might have very different opinions, the latter can be considered a valence issue according to which people would express a common preference and, consistently, political actors – both institutional and outside institutional politics – would not polarize on.
Within each of the three countries under scrutiny (Italy, Greece and Spain), PiCME focuses on three units of analysis that are all relevant to grasp how political participation unfolds in complex media environments. At the micro-level of individual actors, it covers some individual activists who engaged in instances of political participation with regard to the contentious issue at stake without considering themselves part of a specific political organization. At the meso-level of collective actors, it covers some institutional and non-institutional political organizations (i.e. activist groups, political parties, trade unions) who engaged in instances of political participation with regard to the contentious issue at stake at the more collective level. Finally, it covers some big media corporations that had a relevant role in the (media) coverage of the contentious issue at stake, hence considering them as actors that play a role at the macro-level of complex media environments.
PiCME has already conducted and will conduct expert and in-depth interviews with individual actors who engaged in instances of political participation regarding these contentious issues, and with communication and organization managers of the following categories:
- political actors
- trade unionists
- non-institutional political organizations
- governmental agencies
- big media corporations
- media consultants
As for struggles against corruption, interviews include journalists of national newspapers and TV channels such as Il Fatto Quotidiano and La7 (Italy), El Mundo (Spain) and EfSyn (Greece); leading members of political parties such as Five Star Movement (Italy), Podemos (Spain) and Syriza (Greece); communication managers of trade unions such as CGIL (Italy) and PAME (Greece); leading members of non-institutional political organizations such as Transparency International Italy, Greece and Spain.
As to workers’ rights and vulnerable workers, interviews include journalists of national newspapers such as Il Manifesto (Italy), El Pais (Spain) and AVGI (Greece); leading members of political parties such as PD (Italy), PSOE (Spain) and New Democracy (Greece); communication managers of trade unions such as SI Cobas (Italy), UGT (Spain) and GSEE (Greece); leading members of non-institutional political organizations active on precarious work such as ACT (Italy), Las Kellys (Spain) and SMED (Greece).
Finally, both commissioners of governmental agencies such as AGCOM (Italy) and EETT (Greece), lobbyists of big media corporations such as Google, tech lawyers and media consultants have been interviewed in order to collect systemic and contextual information about the three countries under examination.